Investigation of Aseptic Tips Observation in the Operating Room, A Qualitative Phenomenological Study


1 Assistant professor, Ph.D. Department of Anesthesiology, Operating room, School of Allied medical sciences, Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

2 MSc student of operating room, Department of Operating Room, School of Allied medical sciences, Medical student research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran


Introduction: Following aseptic principles in the operating room plays an important role in preventing surgical site
infections and reducing costs, but may sometimes be neglected. Gaining invaluable experiences of operating room staff is helpful. The study aimed to determine the experiences of operating room personnel about aseptic principles observation obstacles and factors affecting its observation in the operating room.
Materials and Methods: This is a qualitative phenomenological study that has been performed in the Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences hospitals operating room. The operating room and anesthesia staff with an associate
degree and more and at least one year of experience in the operating room were included in the study, voluntarily. The direct interview was in the form of semi-structured questions and this has been continued until the information saturation. Colaizzi 7-step method was used to analyze the data.
Results: Overall, from the analysis of participants’ experiences related to the factors that affect the aseptic points and also their obstacles, 220 items were identified, which were divided into 10 subcategories, and finally 2 main themes emerged, including tips on operating room principles and techniques and tips on maintaining the patient's health.
Conclusion: According to the sub-classes and main classes of this research about aseptic principles observation obstacles, in many cases, aseptic principles are observed experimentally. To fully implement the principles by personnel they must to be aware of the updated and standard instructions to prevent the infection with an appropriate method.


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