:: Volume 8, Issue 1 (spring 2010) ::
jmj 2010, 8(1): 2-6 Back to browse issues page
A molecular epidemiology survey of cutaneous leishmaniasis in patients referring to Parasitology Lab at Shiraz School of Medicine and the importance of PCR assay
Mehdi Fakhar *, Fataneh Mikaeili, GR Hatam, Parvaneh Habibi, Mehdi Karamian, MohammadHosain Motazedian, Elham Banimostafavi
Abstract:   (4816 Views)


 Fars Province is one of endemic foci of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). The present study aimed to conduct a molecular epidemiology survey of patients referring to Parasitology Lab at Shiraz School of Medicine and evaluate the  PCR assay for the diagnosis of CL.

Material and Methods:

This retrospective study was carried out for patients referring to Parasitology department at Shiraz School of Medicine, during 1380-84. The disease was diagnosed by direct smear and staining with Giemsa; if the direct smear was negative, specific PCR was done on the DNA extracted from the direct smear to genus and species identification and culture. The data were registered and analyzed by SPSS software.


Of 186 suspected patients, 104 (56%) cases were infected with CL. PCR results were positive in 35 (56.4 %) out of 62 smears, among which microscopic examination did not reveal Leishmania amastigotes. Also, Leishmania species isolated from the patients residing in the urban and rural areas were Leishmania tropica and Leishmania major by species-specific primers, respectively.


Since in some cases the direct smear is reported negative, we suggest using PCR methods on smears in endemic regions.

Keywords: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, Molecular Epidemiology, Demographic, Leishmania major, Leishmania tropica
Full-Text [PDF 220 kb]   (1629 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: epidmilojgy
Received: 2016/05/25 | Revised: 2018/03/5 | Accepted: 2016/05/25

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Volume 8, Issue 1 (spring 2010) Back to browse issues page