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:: Volume 11, Issue 3 (fall 2013 2013) ::
jmj 2013, 11(3): 11-16 Back to browse issues page
The effects of intramuscular dexamethasone on cervical ripening and induction of labor
Lila Hajivandi , Simin Montazeri , Mina Iravani , MohammadHasan Haghighizade
Abstract:   (6822 Views)
Introduction: One of the problems in midwifery is induction of cases in which it is necessary to terminate pregnancy. Thus the methods of cervical ripening and labor induction have always been sought. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of intramuscular dexamethasone on cervical ripening and induction of labor. Materials and Methods: This study was a single-blind, randomized clinical trial on 100 eligible nulliparous women in their 42 to 40 weeks of gestation in 2009 who were admitted to Amir Hospital in Ahvaz. For the experiment group 8 mg dexamethasone was administered 12 h before induction. The controls were given 2 cc of normal saline at the same intervals. Data were analyzed using Chi - square and t-tests and a p value less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of age, demographic characteristics, initial Bishop score, first and fifth minute Apgar score, and meconium difference. The mean time interval between the induction and the onset of active phase in the experiment group was 3/1 ± 0.68 hours and in the control group it was4/2 ±1/3 hours. There was a significant difference between the groups (P=0.001). Conclusion: Intramuscular dexamethasone improved Bishop score, through reducing the time duration from the induction to the onset of labor phase.
Keywords: Induced Labor, Cervical Ripening, Dexamethasone
Full-Text [PDF 284 kb]   (3031 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2013/12/10 | Accepted: 2013/12/10 | Published: 2013/12/10
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Hajivandi L, Montazeri S, Iravani M, Haghighizade M. The effects of intramuscular dexamethasone on cervical ripening and induction of labor. jmj. 2013; 11 (3) :11-16
URL: http://jmj.jums.ac.ir/article-1-253-en.html

Volume 11, Issue 3 (fall 2013 2013) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جهرم Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences
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