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:: Volume 15, Issue 2 (summer 2017) ::
jmj 2017, 15(2): 47-54 Back to browse issues page
Study on primary prevention of blood borne pathogens among nursing staff of teaching hospitals of Kerman University of Medical Sciences
Ali Khalooei , Saleh Khalooei
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Abstract:   (1230 Views)

Introduction
Primary prevention is the most important and effective way to prevent blood borne pathogens in the health care workers. This study was carried out to evaluate primary prevention in nursing staff of three teaching hospitals of Kerman University of Medical Sciences.
Materials and methods
This is a cross-sectional study among nursing staff of three teaching hospitals. Data were collected by a questionnaire with proper reliability and validity.
Results
Out of the 397 the nursing staff, 86.9% (n=344) were female .Most frequency of full compliance with standard precautions )SPs( were related to wearing gloves before touching mucous membranes or non intact skin of patients (64.8%), wearing gloves before touching with blood and body fluids (59.6%) and putting the used needle and syringe in the safety box (56.4%). More than ninety six percent (96.2%) of the nursing staff had received complete hepatitis B vaccination and 76.8% of the staff with full vaccination had been tested for level of hepatitis B surface antibody. Mean and standard deviation total score of compliance with SPs were 1.95±0.47 (out of 3). Status of compliance with SPs in 51.4% of the staff was unfavorable. Logistic regression analysis showed that exposure to blood and body fluids (OR=2.16, 95%CI: 1.29-3.78) and age group (OR=1.75, 95%CI: 1.12-2.85) were the predictor variables for status of compliance with SPs.
Conclusion
This study showed that the status compliance with universal precautions is not favorable in the nurses. So, proper managerial and educational intervention should be designed for promoting this condition.

Keywords: primary prevention, standard precaution, blood borne diseases, hand hygiene, vaccination
Full-Text [PDF 217 kb]   (149 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: pezeshki
Received: 2017/07/3 | Accepted: 2017/11/11 | Published: 2017/12/31
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Khalooei A, Khalooei S. Study on primary prevention of blood borne pathogens among nursing staff of teaching hospitals of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. jmj. 2017; 15 (2) :47-54
URL: http://jmj.jums.ac.ir/article-1-995-en.html


Volume 15, Issue 2 (summer 2017) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جهرم Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences
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