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:: Volume 11, Issue 3 (fall 2013 2013) ::
jjums 2013, 11(3): 57-63 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of cigarette and hookah smoking between physical education and non-physical education students
Hamid Arazi , Rastegar Hosseini , Mahdi Rahimzadeh
Abstract:   (6322 Views)
Introduction: Physical activity has many advantages such as cardio-respiratory health promotion, prevention of some diseases and improvement of quality of life. In contrast, smoking tobacco products is one of the most important risk factors of non-infectious diseases, especially cardiovascular and cancers and may be influenced by physical activity of people. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare cigarette and hookah smoking between physical education and non-physical education students. Materials and Methods: The target population of this study was all male and female students of Guilan University. The instrument used was the PDUQ questionnaire (Alpha value of 0.81(. According to Odineski table, the questionnaire was randomly distributed among 144 students of P.E and 386 students of non-P.E. The collected data was analyzed using Chi-square test, and Pearson correlation coefficient (P<0.05). Results: The results of data analyses indicated that there was no significant relationship between the course and championship history with cigarette and hookah smoking. Also, cigarette and hookah smoking was observed more in males than females and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). The most important reason of tendency toward and prevalence of cigarette and hookah smoking in males was their intimate relationship with smoking friends, and in female it was mostly done for recreation and fun. Conclusion: In this study, the prevalence of smoking was 27.1 % in P.E males (11.8 % in females, (30.1 % in non-P.E males, (and 14.2%) in females, respectively, indicating that it is high as compared to other areas of the country. Holding educational programs and social interventions at university level seem necessary in order to prevent cigarette and hookah smoking.
Keywords: Tobacco Smoking, Students, Risk Factors
Full-Text [PDF 273 kb]   (2052 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2013/12/14 | Accepted: 2013/12/14 | Published: 2013/12/14
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Arazi H, Hosseini R, Rahimzadeh M. Comparison of cigarette and hookah smoking between physical education and non-physical education students. jjums. 2013; 11 (3) :57-63
URL: http://jmj.jums.ac.ir/article-1-259-en.html
Volume 11, Issue 3 (fall 2013 2013) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جهرم Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences
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